Communitization Programme for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation System started in 2003, under the Communitization of Public Institutions and Services Act, 2002 (Act No. 2 of 2002) of Government of Nagaland. This policy is in line with the Sector Reforms Programme of the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Govt. of India.
WATSAN Committee is the beneficiaries’ ‘legal agency’ and is constituted by the Village Council. WATSAN Committee is formally recognized and empowered by way of signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the PHED. The WATSAN Committees participate in planning, design, implementation and subsequent take-over of the completed scheme for operation and maintenance (O&M). A total of 1375 or 92 % of the total number of habitations have so far been brought under the ambit of Communitization.
So far 1493 villages/habitations has constituted WATSAN Committee.
Additionally the Community is required to shoulder full responsibility of operation and maintenance of the completed village water supply schemes with local resources generated from collection of water user charges and other village development funds.