Recognizing the importance and urgency of addressing drinking water quality problems in the country, the Govt. of India is addressing the problem in an ambitious way, especially with the ultimate objective of institutionalizing community participation in all rural habitations in water quality monitoring and surveillance.  2% of JJM fund is earmarked for Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (WQMS) to ensure quality of water for which village level functionaries are trained on water quality aspects-sampling, testing and monitoring to ensure safe drinking water at all times.

The emphasis of WQMS is on regular testing and documentation of water sample to monitor water quality and take preventive and remedial measures which would prevent outbreak of water borne diseases.

Normally water samples are tested twice in a year for Bacteriological and once for Chemical contamination.